LO2 UNDERSTAND ROLE OF PUNISHMENT ( wjec criminology diploma )


how does imprisonment meet its aims of punishment

  • retribution = this term refers to the offender making amends for their crimes ie this could be through fines or community payback to fix the damage, could also come in the form of restorative justice (offender and victim meet) supported by the behaviorist theories and right realist. prison does meet this aim as the offender is stripped of their freedom whilst in prison, this could be seen as amends as they are exchanging their liberty as punishment for their crimes which may put the victim at ease. however, the offender is not actively fixing the damage caused. for example, a murderer cannot bring back the dead - therefore not meeting this aim of punishment. 
  • reparation = this aim of punishment refers to the offender paying back for what they did in terms of revenge, a contemporary example of this is death penalty for murderers in some states which demonstrate offenders giving "an eye for an eye." supported by the right realists and biological theories this is a extremely right-wing aim of punishment as it suggests offender should payback to a similar extent of the crimes committed. imprisonment meets this aim of punishment especially life sentences as it is ********* the offender of their freedom which can be seen as equivalent to their crimes arguing death would be an easy way out many would agree that life imprisonment can be far worse punishment, the offender is paying for what they did by being forced into captivity and losing their freedom. however it could also be seen in some areas as not meeting this aim of punishment as many would agree murderers should be…


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