Linguistics Coding Grammatical Relations


Languages have different ways of coding grammatical relations. These 3 strategies are:

1. Word Order

  • many languages have fixed word order
  • English is SVO
  • the most common is SOV (45%) of languages are this word order

In some languages word order plays no role, these languages then use overt marking:

2. Dependent marking: Case

  • marking on the argument…


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