Lexis: The method that deals with the vocabulary system of a language.
Semantics: The method that deals with meaning and how that is generated within texts.
Textual cohesion: the term used to describe how a text is logically structured to create a coherent sense of meaning.
Subject Pronoun: A pronoun that usually occurs as the actor in a verbal process.
Object Pronoun: a pronoun that usually appears as being affected by a verb process.
Possessive Pronoun: A pronoun that demonstrates ownership.
Lexical Words: Words that carry explicit meanings and represent the word classes that are open to new additions and derivations.
Functional Words: Words that have less explicit meaning and serve to highlight relationships between other words.
Material Processes: Describing actions or events.
Relational Processes: describing states of being, identification or attributes.
Mental Processes: describing perception, thoughts or speech.
Dynamic Verbs: verbs where the situation described by the verb process changes over time, for example 'he ate the cake' involves a dynamic process.
Stative Verbs: verbs that describes a state of affairs rather than an action, e.g. 'know'.
Base Form: the single form of an adjective, serving to modify.