Lenin was the first leader of Russia who had not been elected, yet took the position by force after being the leader of the Bolshevik party. Lenin introduced the ideas of Communism into Russia, which were then continued by his successors.
-Ended the war with the Treat of Brest-Litvosk in 1918
Civil War 1917-1921
-Opposition to Lenin’s Bolsheviks were known as the Whites and the Greens
-They opposed his rule by labour discipline, rationing, grain requisitioning, banning private trade and nationalisation of industry.
-The war began in October 1917 and ended in March 1921 with the Treaty of Riga.
-Food shortages affected the Red Army’s chances, Lenin created the CHEKA.
-Exacerbated unrest when Lenin dissolved the Constituent Assembly.
-The Bolsheviks were successful and Lenin then grouped areas of the Empire into the USSR and agreed a constitution.
-Policy of Red Terror- where the CHEKA killed 300,000 of the Red Army
-Lenin encouraged peasant attacks on Kulaks
-Execution of the Tsar and family after the failed Lenin assassination attempt
-Peasants resorted to cannibalism
-Lenin’s NEP affected agriculture when he abolished grain requisition which improved cereal production by 23%- the peasantry were more willing to grow food as they knew it would not be immediately ceased.
-Introduced the 1917 decree on land which meant that there was division of private landholding given to the peasants meaning they had more land to farm, a…