Legitimacy Of Authority

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Legitimacy Of Authority

The first condition needed for a person to shift to the agentic state is the perception of a legitimate authority, i.e. someone who is perceived to be in a position of social control within a situation. Milgram believed that there is a shared expectation among people that many situations do ordinarily have as socially controlling figure. The power of a legitimate stems, therefore, not from any personal characteristics but from his or her perceived position in a social situation. In Milgram's study, the participant enters the laboratory with an expectation that someone will be in charge. The experimenter, upon first presenting himself, fills this role for them. He does this through a few indroductory remarks, and as this and the experimenter's 'air of authority' fits the participant's expectation of encountering 'someone in charge', it

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