Legislation and acts

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  • Created by: Abigail
  • Created on: 21-03-14 10:42


  • the 1844 Report of Royal Commission made a change in sanitation conditions
  • this followed by some minor legislations, mainly locally
  • THE LIVERPOOL SANITARY ACT; passed in 1846, limited to just Liverpool, made a health authority and encouraged a medical officer of health. Given powers to carry out sewerage, drainage and water supplies
  • 1846 saw a series of Nuisance Removal Acts, enabled justices and court sessions to prosecute anyone who is responsible for nuisances(meaning filth and foul drainage), such as landlords who kept their properties in terrible states
  • 1846 Baths and Washhouses Act; enabled local authorities to provide baths and washhouses out of public money
  • 1847 Towns Improvement Clauses Acts; defined the rights of towns to lay water supplies and drainage scheme to control nuisances


  • a General Board of Health was set up which would report to parliament
  • local authorities were empowered to set up local boards of health
  • this meant the local boards would manage sewers, drains, wells, burials grounds etc
  • they would be finananced using rates for projects
  • but it did not apply everywhere
  • however there was little or no opposition which is a positive since it was only applied where needed
  • but there were some weaknesses like it did not apply to London or Scotland
  • was complicated to implement, people had to petition for it then inspections would be carried out
  • the act had to apply to areas where there were more than 23 dead per every 1000 living
  • the power to appoint a medical officer was not obligatory until 1875
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