Legislation

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Definition: Law enacted by Parliament who has the power to enact, revoke or alter any law as it sees fit. Parliament has the power of making law as ots sole right and no court can contest any law created by Parliament. It is the supreme law-making body in the Uk. i.e. British Railway Board v Pickin 1974 - illustrates that no other body can challenge an act of parliament. Pickin lost his land due to and act for British Railways, although they had lied to Parliament.

Parliament consists of 3 seperae parts:

1) House of Commons : This is made up of MPs from different parties, of which are elected (every 5 yeas). This is normally the first house to see a bill and consider new laws. The party with the most MP's is from the current government. Every MP has a constituency.

2) House of Lords : The 3 main groups are - 90 heriditary peers, 60 life peers, and the Archbishop of the Church of England. The Supreme Court judge and many heriditary peers no longer sit in the House of Lords.

3) The Crown : This has a purely formal rolde and reads the proposed legislations (Queen's speech) during the state opening of Parliament and give the royal assent to all acts of Parliament.

Types of Bills:

1. (a) Private Bills : These do not effect the whole country/community/public. Small groups: individuals/corporations are affected. i.e. UCL Act 1996, British Railways Act 1968, The White Haven Harbour case.

    (b)Personal Bills : Type of private bill that only affect individuals. Use to be…

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