- Created by: xsmithy7272
- Created on: 25-02-20 18:23
Types of welfare and providers in the UK;
- state - public sector
- private sector - for profit e.g BUPA
- third sector - community/volunteering
In 2014/2015, about 2/3 of government spending went on the welfare state - mainly pensions.
Welfare before the welfare state;
- state played a limited role
- state pensions began in 1911
- council housing began in 1919 after war 'homes fit for heroes'
- health - some insurance from 1911 and some municipal hospitals, mostly voluntary
- education 1870s act - state up to 13 only
The social democratic approach 1944 - 1979;
Beveridge reported 1942 - get rid of '5 evils'
1. Want (poverty) - social security 'cradle to the grave', national insurance, means-tested benefits, child benefits
2. Diseases - NHS 1948 free health care (free milk)
3. Ignorance - 1944 act - tripartite system, secondary education to 15
4. Squalor - council housing
5. Idleness - help long-term unemployment
The labour government of 1944 introduced policies to try to attack these 'evils' and give support from 'cradle to the grave'.
- Helped get rid of absolute poverty…