- Created by: xsmithy7272
- Created on: 10-02-20 21:29
In developing countries, absolute poverty is 'subsistence poverty', unable to afford the basic necessities of life e.g food and water and having to rely on food banks.
Charles Booth (1887) - measured who was poor in London by setting on income level below which he regarded people as living in poverty.
Rowntree (1901) - investigated poverty in York by using a social survey, conducted poverty line (amount of income a person needs to stay out of poverty). He added together;
- cost of a basic diet
- minimum amount of clothes
- basic level of housing rent
- expert opinions
- 28% of the population of York were in poverty
- 10% in primary poverty, 18% in secondary poverty
1936 study - absolute poverty 15%
1951 study - absolute poverty 1.5%
- very basic
- didn't consider food stamp
- based on prisoners calorie intake…