Learning from others - Sutherland (Upbringing)

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Theory of differential association

  • Criminal behaviour is learned (not inherited. Without prior influence of others, incapable of inventing criminal behaviour.)
  • There are subcultures within society: some have norms favourable towards criminal activity and others unfavourable
  • Criminal behaviour learned in interaction with other persons in communication (such communication usually involved verbal interaction. Also involve gestures. Supports the 1st point - can't become criminals by selves.)
  • Differential association: proportion of favourable to non-favourable definitions of


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