- Created by: Tahalia
- Created on: 02-12-19 14:13
All behaviours are learnt from the environment.
Animals and humans learn the same way so experiments are done on animanls and the results are extrapolated onto humans.
Behaviourists use mainly lab experiments to fit the objective and scientifuc methods.
Classical conditrioning: EXPERIMENT
It is learning through association and demostrated by Pavolov.
Pavlov studied the salivary reflexes in dogs:
1: Dogs were presented with food=salivation
2: Pavlov sounded bell (NS) before the food
Bell: No salivation
3: After a few pairing the dogs salivated even wehn no food was given
Bell= CS Salivation=CR
4: Dogs learned to associate the bell with the food
Sound of the bell triggered the salivation.
OPERANT CONDITIONING: EXPERIMENT AO1
- SKINNER argued that learning is an active process
POSITIVE REINFORCEMENT: Recieving a reward after doing an a ction i.e praising a child.
NEGATIVE REINFORCEMENT: when an action prevents stoppoing something from happing. i.e rat ahs to press the lever to…