Latin general notes

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  • Created by: Sylvie
  • Created on: 12-04-13 12:08

Nouns:

Nominative:
Used for the subject of the sentence

e.g. servus in horto dormit
the slave is sleeping in the garden

Accusative:
Used for the object of the sentence

e.g. magister pueros docet
the master is teaching the boys

Dative:
Meaning to or for a person/thing

e.g. coquus domino cibum paravit
the cook had prepared food for his master

-Que

Que at the end of a word means you add “and” before it.

Pueri puellaeque
Boys and girls

Dominus servique
Master and slaves

Adjectives:

In Latin, adjectives change their endings to agree with the noun they describe in 2 ways:
CASE (nom,acc,dat)NUMBER (sing,pl)

e.g. parvus puer ad forum ambulabat
a small boy was walking to the forum

The adjective has the same case and number as the noun it describes. There are 2 types of adjectives:
TYPE 1: Forms endings like 1st & 2nd declension
TYPE 2: Forms endings like 3rd declension
Adjectives of type 1&2 can agree with a noun of any declension in cse and number, but the 2 words do NOT need to have the same ending.

Relative causes:

 

Masc

Fem

Neu

Singular

 

 

 

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