Language change summary.

  • Created by: Abbs11_
  • Created on: 30-11-18 13:41

Language change revision notes:

  • Dr Johnson codified the language by creating a dictionary of English published in 1755. He mainly drew his words from English writers from between the years of 1580 to 1666.
  • American dictionary author Noah Webster attempted match the spelling of words to their pronunciation in the late 18th and 19th century.
  • Diachronic language change - examining the change in language over history/an extended period of time. 
  • Synchronic language change - looking at language in a specific period of time, without thinking about it's historical context.
  • Einar Haugen's model of standardisation:
    • Selection - a variety of language is selected to be the standard.
    • Elaboration - the standard is applied to a range of functions which allow it to be used more widely. 
    • Codification - dictionaries and grammar refer to uniform lexical and grammatical usage. 
    • Implementation - the standard is imposed and variations of the standard are removed or ascribed low prestige.
  • Descriptivism attitude - an attitude to language that describes what is


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