- Created by: Abbs11_
- Created on: 30-11-18 13:41
Language change revision notes:
- Dr Johnson codified the language by creating a dictionary of English published in 1755. He mainly drew his words from English writers from between the years of 1580 to 1666.
- American dictionary author Noah Webster attempted match the spelling of words to their pronunciation in the late 18th and 19th century.
- Diachronic language change - examining the change in language over history/an extended period of time.
- Synchronic language change - looking at language in a specific period of time, without thinking about it's historical context.
- Einar Haugen's model of standardisation:
- Selection - a variety of language is selected to be the standard.
- Elaboration - the standard is applied to a range of functions which allow it to be used more widely.
- Codification - dictionaries and grammar refer to uniform lexical and grammatical usage.
- Implementation - the standard is imposed and variations of the standard are removed or ascribed low prestige.
- Descriptivism attitude - an attitude to language that describes what is…