Language and power

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LANGUAGE AND POWER

TYPES OF POWER

-          Instrumental power: ability to make people do something, e.g teacher giving instructions

-          Influential power: persuading someone to do something, e.g adverts persuading you to buy

-          Practical power: power through physical actions, e.g police arresting someone

-          Knowledge power: using knowledge to influence people, e.g a doctor giving a diagnosis

-          Position power: power gained from position in hierarchy, e.g a judge giving a sentence

-          Personal power: influences people through relationships, e.g a mother telling a child what to do

WAREING

-          Gives three other types of power:

o    Political: held by politicians, police, and law court

o    Personal: Result of occupation or relationships, e.g a teacher, or a parent

o    Social: given as a result of social variables, e.g gender and class- middle class men more likely to hold power in society due to the connotations of wealth and knowledge

MODALITY

-          Modal verb: a verb representing necessity or possibility, e.g ‘must’

-          Epistemic modality: shows confidence of the speaker, can express opinion e.g ‘might be true’

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