Keeping Healthy

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Keeping Healthy

Diet and Exercise: Carbohydrates are for energy, fats for secondary energy and insulation, proteins for growth and repair. A shortage of any of these can lead to malnutrition. When you're obese, more food energy is taken in than used, so it's stored as fat. Vitamins and minerals are needed for healthy functioning of the body. A shortage may lead to a deficiency disease. Metabolism is converting food into glucose. Basic metabolic rate is the rate of chemical reactions in your cells. Three things that affect metabolic rate are your ratio of fat to muscle; the amount of exercise you do and your genes. BMI = mass in kg / height in metres squared. Men have a higher metabolic rate than women due to their higher % of muscle mass. Cholesterol is used for making cell membranes; making sex…


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