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  • Kant was an 18th centuary philosopher.
  • Born in 1724.
  • Died in 1804.
  • He had a Deontilogical view of ethics.
  • Wanted to discover a rational theory behind one's sense of duty.
  • Specifically focuses on the moral behind an action, not on the outcome.
  • He believed there were two kinds of imperative.
  • Hypothetical and Categorical
  • Hypothetical imperatives are the 'ifs' and 'buts' of the world. "I could have passed the test IF I had revised." (Always a means to an end.)
  • Categorical imperatives are unconditional, there are no 'ifs' and they are intrinsicly valuable.
  • Criticised by the mad axeman debate. (If a mad axemen was rampaging through a school killing children from the ages of 7-9 and he comes in the room and asks if there are any 7-9 year olds, in Kant's eyes, lying about the children being out of


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