- Kant was an 18th centuary philosopher.
- Born in 1724.
- Died in 1804.
- He had a Deontilogical view of ethics.
- Wanted to discover a rational theory behind one's sense of duty.
- Specifically focuses on the moral behind an action, not on the outcome.
- He believed there were two kinds of imperative.
- Hypothetical and Categorical
- Hypothetical imperatives are the 'ifs' and 'buts' of the world. "I could have passed the test IF I had revised." (Always a means to an end.)
- Categorical imperatives are unconditional, there are no 'ifs' and they are intrinsicly valuable.
- Criticised by the mad axeman debate. (If a mad axemen was rampaging through a school killing children from the ages of 7-9 and he comes in the room and asks if there are any 7-9 year olds, in Kant's eyes, lying about the children being out of…