War and Peace in Islam
Muslim views against war:
· Some Muslims disagree with war or armed forces, due to Peace being a theme and priority in Islam and is also taught in the Qur’an.
· Modern weapons (nuclear weapons) can’t be used in a way that is within guidelines of Islam and fighting wars- innocent people will always suffer.
· To achieve peace no violence should be used, as peace will always achieve your goal in the end > people should always be fighting for peace.
· When violence is involved, it always extends to more violence being used causing more deaths of innocent lives as each side is pressured to step up the violence. War increases anger and distrust between the two enemies, making war seem never-ending and never leading to peace.
· EXAMPLE: there are Muslim organisations used to find peaceful answers to conflict. (e.g., The Muslim peace fellowship)
Why should Muslims fight?
· Teachings in the Qur’an show that Muslims must fight if they have been attacked.
· Muhammad (the prophet) fought in wars too, and many of his sayings permit Muslims to fight in just wars.
· The Qur’an teaches that anyone who dies in a just war will go to heaven.
Muslim teaches on Justice and the law of God:
· God Is just, and rewards Muslims on the last day who have done good and punishes those who haven’t. Justice is very important to Muslims due to Muslims wanting to achieve fairness and equality within society.
· Everyone is equal within Islam, and God wants us to treat everyone with justice and fairness in the Islamic society.
· Justice is the basis if Zakah (a pillar of Islam), and Shari’ah law expects justice for everyone.
· The prophet Muhammad expects justice, as he himself acted with justice.
The law of God:
· Muslims believe in following ‘Shari’ah law’ (the law of God), but they also believe in following the laws of the country they are in (even if they aren’t Islamic).
· In the UK, Shari’ah courts exist to resolve small disputes between Islamic families or even financial matters.
· Shari’ah courts are strict, so that they remain fair (e.g they are public so that justice can be witnessed and it Is made sure that the judge is in the right set of mind before he looks at the case so it is fair.)
· Shari’ah law also includes other laws to help society run fairly, bringing justice to the community.
· EXAMPLE: Money must be made fairly, so money must not be made from money, meaning interest cannot be charged on loans. This is seen as just, because interest makes the rich wealthier and the poor even more poor.
Muslims working for justice:
· Muslims work for justice due to…