Is it all meaningful!

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  • Naturalism: the belief tht suggests that all things are knowable (provable) using empirical evidence.
  • Non-naturalism: the belief that all things to do with meaning are knowable using intuition rather than empirical evidence.
  •  Intuitionism: a theory that ethical and moral truths are known and understood by our intuition.
  •  Prima facie duties: this translates as 'at first appearance'.
  • It means these duties are the primary ones.
  •  These 2 approaches agree in principle that the language is meaningful, but differ in the working out of the specifics.
  •  Naturalism
  •  'Good' is something that can be defined and has a real existence. To a certain extent, a good pen is one that fulfils its purpose by writing properly.
  •  We can therefore say that good is something that is provable, using what is referred to as empirical evidence.
  • Anything that is proved using one or more of the five senses is referred to as empirical data.
  •  Ethical naturalists say that, in the same way that we can say that things are factually accurate by using empirical data, we can also use ethical statements and say that they are accurate using empirical evidence.
  •  Ethical naturalists believe that the statement about genetic research is just as valid because you can use evidence to support or criticise it.
  • Therefore, I could say that genetic research saves lives by curing diseases, and conclude that it is right to use it.
  • Non-naturalism
  •  'Good' is something that cannot be defined using type of natural experience.
  •  Good is not something that is found in things, but instead is used to describe an action or an object.
  •  G.E.Moore - good is not a word that can be defined or explained using a simple word. He compared it to giving a definition of a colour.


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