The most widely used method of qualitative data-collection in psychology
Interviews are for disclosure.
Is your research question nomothetic or idiographic?
Nomothetic = relating to the discovery of general laws
Idiographic = relating to the study of particular facts or processes
- General tendencies of population
- Large numbers required
- The particular, biographical, histories, case study
- Small numbers appropriate
1. Design issues - schedule wording
Exactly the same for everyone
Could be in written form
Set of themes and same basic items for everyone
Allowing for prompts and follow-ups
General themes, issues you want to discuss
Less comparable across cases
From general to specific = funnelling
Helps in gathering of detail
Helps checking out all possible responses
eg. "I'm interested in the use of communication sills by medical professionals in their dealings with patients".
General: "Tell me how you deal with a patient who is distressed"
Specific (follow up): "Any other techniques you have for that?"
"How did these help?"
"Did you use communication skills?"
Funnelling techniques - order from open (how, what, why) to closed (yes, no)
What skills are important to a paramedic?
What about communication, is that an important skill?
Reflection - So you say that communication is important in your work....
Invites more elaboration or disclosure
A chance to check what the person is saying
To encourage disclosure-
- Express ignorance so they give voice to unstated or implicit assumptions
- Do not ask double-barrelled questions - which bit are they answering