Intervening acts (murder application question)

  • Sufficienty seperate from D's conduct --> chain of causation BROKEN

1. Actions of V: fright or flight 

  • Was it within range of responses? 
  • Case: Marjoram (D guilty, door being knocked down in hostile, V jumped out of window suffering injuries)

2. Self neglect

  • V mistreating/ neglecting to treat injuries won't break chain
  • Case: Holland (D guilty of manslaughter; infection killed V)

3. Poor/ negligent medical treatment 

  • Case: Smith (wounds still operating at time of death…


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