1) First had to establish pure- breeding plants; which produced identical offspring after generation.
2) He selected two plants with alternative expressions of a particular characteristic (tall and dwarf plant)
3) He made sure that the female plant could not be pollinated either by its own pollen or by any other by removing its anthers and covering its flowers with fine muslin bags
4) Collected seeds from female plant and grew them the next year producing first generation offspring (first filial generation/ F1)
5) Mendel then crossed two plants from the F1 (this type of crossing is called a self-cross)
6) The seeds were collected again and grown the following year, producing the second filial generation (F2) and the characteristics were recorded
What he found....
- He crossed a dwarf pea…