- Produced close to 441 BC.

- Draws attention to the problems with the polis (the city-state) 

- From the opening lines of Sophocles' play Creon is presented as favourable to the audience = quickly changes as time goes on (wanting to execute Antigone in front of Haemon, refuses to believe the citizens disapprove of his actions etc.)

- Defender of the city, of loyalty and patriotism = the exposure of Polynices' corpse would have made the audience uneasy but on loyalty the majority would have agreed with him. 

- Chorus express sympathy with him = only express sympathy for Antigone when she is led to her death, interests of the city to them are paramount. 

- On the other hand, by the end of the play it is made clear that Creon' exposing the corpse is a violation of divine law and by then he is speaking less in the interests of his people anyway and more for his own motives = before this however, few Greeks would have challenged his view of supreme loyalty of the citizen to the state. 

- Antigone's belief is upheld in the end a little = Tiresias expresses that divine law does prescribe burial for all dead men, sign from the gods. 

- However, other motives than the need to uphold divine law are also evident = her duty she feels


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