Individual vs Situational

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definition (a question)

  • individual: this is when behaviour is explained by being caused by something within that person. for example, the individual's personality, biological reasons and maturation. the explanation allows us to see the impact of individual differences on human behaviour.
  • situational: this is when behaviour is explained by being caused by environmental factors outside of the person. for example, a response to a stimuli or consequence of an event or interaction with others in a situation. the explanation allows us to see the impact of situational factors on human behaviour.

studies that support the explanations (b question)

individual

  • Baron Cohen - austism/aspergers due to lack of ToM. autistic/tourettes/normal. eyes task, strange stories, gender recognition and basic emotion. Individualistic because people are born with abnormalities
  • Raine - brain dysfunction of criminals claiming NGRI. PET scans, glucose tracer, 30 minute task. NGRI had more activity in left side of hippocampus and amygdala and in prefrontal area. Individual because they were born with…

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