india urbanisation problems case-study

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Air pollution- Bhopal is a major city in the centre of India. The Bhopal disaster was one of the world's worst industrial catastrophes. It occurred on the night of December 2–3, 1984 at the Union Carbide India Limited (UCIL) pesticide plant in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India.  A leak of methyl isocyanate gas and other chemicals from the plant resulted in the exposure of hundreds of thousands of people. The official immediate death toll was 2,259 and the government of Madhya Pradesh has confirmed a total of 3,787 deaths related to the gas release. Others estimate 3,000 died within weeks and another 8,000 have since died from gas-related diseases. A government statement in 2006 stated the leak caused 558,125 injuries including 38,478 temporary partial and approximately 3,900 severely and permanently disabling injuries. Union Carbide has had to pay compensation as a result.

Water pollutionThe Ganges river is a sacred Indian river that flows in the North of the country.  Pollution of the Ganges has become so serious that bathing in and drinking its water has become very dangerous.  The major polluting industry along the Ganges is the leather industry


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