In works of literature, it is more interesting for the reader to be presented with failed or dysfunctional relationships rather than those that succeed. With the failed relationships, would each of them work in a different context? eg. Tess+Angel, Carlo+Francesco, Pelagia+ Mandras/Pelagia+Corelli?
Thesocial and intellectual differences between Tess+Angel (and even Tess+Alec) in Tess of the d'Urbervilles plays a great role in the presentation of relationships. Angel is a hypocritical character. He tries to move forward in his thinking as he would much rather marry a practical dairymaid like Tess to milk his cows and help him on his future farm rather than the perfect Mercy Chant his parents have picked out for him. Angel sees Tess as the perfect woman. He idealises her. He calls her "Demeter", "Artemis"! but he rejects Tess when he finds out she had slept with another man and says "The woman I have been loving is not you" but "another woman in your form" Social conventions between Tess+Angel. Society defines the relationship to be dysfunctional or not. eg. Tess+Angel. This is why the reader is presented with a failed or dysfunctional relationship rather than one that succeeds.Angel's original idea is a reflection of Hardy's idea. Angel's second idea reflects the changes Hardy had to make to his original publication because of the Victorian society.
Tess+Angel both have dysfunctional relationships with their parents. Need a dysfunctional relationship between Tess+her parents to present her as a victim. Need a dysfunctional relationship between Angel+his parents.
In Captain Corelli's Mandolin there are relationships that succeed, like the relationship between Pelagia and both her father Dr Iannis+her mother in law Drosula. Both of them love her very much and are proud of her.Her father tought Pelagia how to be more intellectual than any man in her village. This is why the reader is presented with two relationships that succeed rather than fail.
Alec is also in a better class than Tess as she comes…