in and out of school factors (gender)


three main questions: 

in and out of school factors 

  • external factors

- women's movement and feminism challenge gender stereotypes as well as raising awareness of patriarchy and sex discrimination 

- emphasis on positive role models such as working mothers and the growth in opportunities for women help raise girls' ambitions and expectations. - boys lack this ambition due to declining opportunities and the role of the male breadwinner, referred to as the 'crisis of masculinity' 

  • internal factors 

- more emphasis on equal opportunities for girls encourage them into male-dominated subjects such as (STEM). this drives to reduce stereotyping in the classroom 


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