Improving the accuracy of eyewitness testimony, including the use of cognitive interview

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The cognitive interview was created by Ronald Fisher and Edward Geiselman (1992) to improve the techniques used by police in interview processes. There are four stages:

  • Report Everything: witnesses are encouraged to include every single detail of the event, even things seeming ensignificant as they could act as triggers for more important memories
  • Reinstate the Context: the witness should return to the original crime scene in their mind and try to remember as many details as possible about the environment (redice the effects of context-dependent forgetting)
  • Reverse the Order: recall events in a different chronological order to the original statement (ie in reverse) to prevent people from reporting their expectation of how the event is supposed to occur…


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