Improving Performance

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Goal- Setting


- Having a large task to achieve can leave us overwhelmed, demotivated and anxious. A large task can usually be broken down to a number of smaller and more specific goals.

- Goal- setting can improve motivation and help to handle anxiety. For example, a hurdler might wish to improve their time in order to qualify for a team. Using goal- setting the athlete should start by identifying 1 or 2 specific aspects of their performance to work on.

- They can set themselves small, manageable goals to aim for. Once these goals have been achieved, the athlete should be well on the way to achieveing their overall goal.


- Research has generally supported the idea of goal-setting. However there is some disagreement as to whether goals should be specific or general, easy or difficult.

- Weinberg et al (1987) tested the effect of goal- setting on sit-up performance and found no difference in the performance of participants given moderate or difficult goals and those told to 'do their best'. This seems to contradict the principle of specific goal- setting.

-Athletes and coaches report that goal- setting is seen as an important strategy.

-Weinberg et al (2000) surveyed 328 Olympic athletes


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