Ideologies: Autocracy, dictatorship and totalitarianism, Chp. 1 Section 1



1855 to March 1917 Russia an autocracy.

pre- 1866 string of liberal reforms from Alexander II (1861 Emancipation of the Serfs, 1864 formation of the Zemstva (regional councils) legal reforms as well, 1865 relaxes censorship laws)

1905 Nicolas II introduced 'liberal' concessions 

1902 What is to be done? published by Lenin proposing that a central party committee led by professionals could govern in the interest of workers until the polariate were ready to rule themselves. 

1921 Lenin's toleration of the moderates was evident when he replaced war communism with the New Economic policy 

1906 Introduction


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