- Created by: zoe-williams
- Created on: 12-03-20 17:55
USA - AC
- Immigration is greater than emigration.
- In 2013, 2.98 million US citizens were living abroad.
- Annual worldwide limit of 675,000 people can enter
- This figure is broken up into reunification of families, skills valuable the US, protecting refugees, promoting diversity and humanitarian relief.
- Worlds largest bilateral corridor is between the USA and Mexico.
- In 2013 there was 11.5 million Mexicans living in USA and 1 million Americans in Mexico.
- $22 billion sent to Mexico from USA in remittances (2% of Mexico’s GDP)
- immigrants take unwanted, low paid jobs
- draws skilled and qualified professionals
- immigrants are consumers and generate wealth
- estimated 11.5 million unauthorised immigrants
- uneven progress in integration of immigrants
- numbers are concentrated and strain resources
China - EDC
- There has been an increased amount of female immigrants to and from China.
- Majority of immigrants are of the working age.
- South - South migration accounts for 82%
- South - North migration accounts for 81%
- Used to be high emigration and is now becoming high immigration.
- Three illegals immigration policy placing laws on visas, residence and rights in China.
- sending of remittances help support the economy
- build skills that can be used back in China
- help fill the skill gaps in China
- it can result in skill gaps, and high levels of emigration
- loss of highly skilled worker
- The emigration of younger people can result in an ageing population and hinders development.
Laos - LIDC
- Emigration is greater than immigration.
- There are 1.29 million Laos citizens living abroad.
- Migration policies mainly target human trafficking: prevention (awareness), protection (reintegration immigrants) and prosecution (investigation).
- Member of ASEAN aims to allow freer movement of skilled workers in 2015.
- Laos to Thailand corridor is dominated by flows of unskilled Laotians to work in Thailand.
- Laos to Thailand is one of the biggest corridors in ASEAN and helps stimulate political + economic co-operation.
- Bilateral relationships with Vietnam extend beyonds reciprocal labour migration.
- Remittances are very important because 23% of families live below the poverty line.
- Most economic migrants are low skilled, have minimal education and under 18.
- There is a loss of skilled labours such as carpenters and mechanics from Thailand.
Inter-Regional North Africa to Europe
- Economic pull of Europe as there are more jobs with better pay
- Less conflict and a more stable governmental system
- Healthcare is more readily available and there are better facilities
- Lower risk of persecution in Europe
- Housing and living conditions are better
- Believe its a short distance to travel
- Conflict as there is civil war and avoiding forced conscription
- Immature governments as they don’t look after the needs of their people
- Poor economic stability and poor employment rates
- Slavery is common in Laos
- Violence is common as a lot of people carry guns
- Police are corrupt and people have a poor quality of life
- People traffickers charge several 1000 pounds which can force people into debt.
- It’s a very long journey between NA and Italy…