How did life change under Nazi control?
Propaganda and Censorship
Joseph Goebbels wrote an official version of how Hitler came to power and used posters, films, pamphlets and articles to persuade people of the Nazi way of thinking. The main aim of propaganda was to provide the German people with a Nazi view of events. The other aim was to target certain groups, inside and outside Germany, who were seen as enemies - for examples, Jews, Communists, socialists and liberals. The Minister of Propaganda, Goebbels, used his power to control all information that reached the German People.
All newspapers were censored by the Government and allowed to print only stories favourable to the Nazis. Radio was controlled by the Government. Cheap radios were manufactured so that most Germans could afford one. Goebbels made sure that all radio plays, stories and news items were favourable to the Nazis. The Nazis took control of the German film industry. German films of the 1930s often showed great German heroes defeating their enemies. Cartoons were used to show Jews as weak. Goebbels organised mass rallies. The most spectacular was held each August in nuremberg. At the rallies, hundreds of thousands of Nazi supporters listened to choirs, sang songs and watched sporting event and firework displays. The Nazis used sporting events to spread their propaganda. The 1936 Berlin Olympic Games was used by the Nazis to suggest the superiority of the Aryan Race.
The police state that Hitler wanted was enforced ruthlessly by the SS (Hitlers bodyguard) and the Gestapo. They used terror tactics to intimidate, arrest and even kill any possible opponents. Enemies of the Nazis, such as liberals, socialists and Communists, were often arrested and sent to concentration camps without trial.
The Gestapo could hold anyone arrested in ‘protective custody’ in a concentration camp. The camps were run by SS guards under the orders of the SS leader, Heinrich Himmler. Mostly they contained political prisoners. (The association of concentration camps…