- 5% of the population had 33% of all the wealth.
- 60% of the population lived below the poverty line
- struggled during the 1920's, half the population was involved in farming.
- farmers produced too much (surplus)
- food prices decreased, so less money
- farmers struggled to pay mortgages and some had to sell their farms
- farm workers lost their jobs and many moved to california to work on fruit farms
- many blacks were farmers and had lost their jobs
- some moved to the city and had low paid jobs
Workers in other industries:
- Coal suffered because of new forms of power-oil, gas, electricity.
- too much coal produced meant lower prices, which meant lower wages, resulting in job cuts and then mine closures.
- cotton, farming and textiles all suffered.
Immigration (social isolation)
- eighteen fifty till nineteen fourteen, fourty million people moved to America.
- in the nineteen twenties america had hundreds of different nationalities
- Desire to keep america for WASPS White Anglo Saxon Protestants
- there was a fear of immigration, immigrants would take american jobs leading to the spread of communism
immigration law nineteen seventeen:
- all immigrants had to be able to read English
Emergency quota act nineteen twenty one
- limited the number of immigrants to three hundred and fifty seven thousand per year, people coming to america could not exceed the three % of people already there, helped to keep eastern Europeans out.
National origins act nineteen twenty four
- Reduced to two % of people there
nineteen twenty nine immigration limit
- one hundred and fifty thousand allowed and no immigrants from asia.
- Americans feared communism. feared communists would ruin their 'free' lifestyle.
- red scare was the idea that immigrants were communists
- september 1920, a bomb exploded outside wall street stock exchange. 38 died and 400 injured
- American newspapers called it an 'Act of War' Italian anarchists were blamed.
- 10,000 left wing supporters were arrested during the 'palmer raids'. if any were immigrants they were deported.
- Sacco and Vanzetti were executed in 1927 for robbery, despite suspect evidence, it was just the…