History of Medicine

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  • Created by: Poppy
  • Created on: 31-03-15 10:26

EGYPTIAN

Nile

·        fertile land (grow plants for medicine)

·       Analogy for human body (tributaries = veins)

Religion

·       Cleanliness

·       Embalming (Better understanding + held back bc. Couldn’t explore further)

Papyrus

·       Record Info

·       Pass it down (improvement)

Wealth

·       Educated (specialist doctors = more knowledge of anatomy and disease)

·       Good trading (More knowledge + new remedies)

·       Fertile Land

·       Make instruments for surgery

·       Strong Rulers

GREEK

·       Asclepius

·       Observations

·       Aristotle – Hippocrates – 4 humours – Logic

ROMAN

·       Army

·       Tiny Creatures (Germs)

Galen (4 Humours)

·       4 Humours (further Research)

·       Observation

·       Dissection

Health and Hygiene

·       Link Between Hygiene and Food

·       Public Toilets

·       Planned building locations

·       Bathhouses

·       Aqueducts

·       Drainage System

 

 

 

 

MIDDLE AGES

(Roman Empire got big – couldn’t control all of it – barbarian tribes took over western areas – Europe turned into smaller kingdoms – often at war with each other)

War

·       Romans lost many libraries of medical books+ public health systems+ buildings

·       Couldn’t travel to share knowledge

·       Needed new surgical procedure

·       New places = new ideas

Communication

·       Few resources

·       Cant share ideas

·       No travel = Can’t see people who need help

·       No libraries = no sharing knowledge

Education

·       Lack of books

·       Learn through experience

The Black Death (Bubonic Plague)

·       Buboes + headaches + fever + tiredness + red/black spots under the skins

·       40% died

·       Fleas bite rats – fleas get germ – fleas bite people – people get germ

·       Believed to be caused by : Touching victim + Looking at victim + 4humours + Astrology +Miasma + Annoying god + poison wells (poisoned by Jews)

·       Believed to be prevented by: Killing dogs/cats + eating crushed emeralds +drink y/o treacle + Herbs in fire (miasma) + sit in sewer + whipping yourself (god’s forgiveness) + eat arsenic

RENAISSANCE

·       Dissection allowed

·       Smaller Instruments

·       Unclean Instruments (Infections)

·       Dissection and surgery same instruments (Infection)

·       Docs. Judged on dirtiness of apron (Dirty = more experienced)

Gutenburg (Printing)

·       Printing introduced to Europe (1454)

Vesalius (Anatomy)

·       Awake Patient

·       Further knowledge of anatomy (skeleton)

·       Images of whole body

·       Easily assessable books (Tabulae Sex + Fabric of the human body)

·       Labels and Keys

Pare (Army)

·       Collected Works (1575) (Faculty of surgeons against it bt. King on his side = Popular book)

·       Mapped out anatomy further

·       Made his patients as healthy as possible (Meat, bread, wine +egg yolks)

·       Interested in deformities

·      

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