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After Germany lost the First World War, the Kaiser fled and a new government of Germany was declared in February 1919 at the same town of Weimar. It was too dangerous to make a declaration at Berlin where there had just been revolt by a Communist group called the Spartacists. The weimar Republic was a genuine attempt to create a perfect democracy.

The Weimar Republic looked like the perfect democracy, but it had two great weaknesses - proportional and Article 48.

In November 1923, Hitler tried to take advantage of the crisis facing the Weimar government by instigating a revolution in Munich. It seemed like the perfect opportunity, but poor planning and misjudgement resulted in failure and the subsequent imprisonment of Adolf Hitler.

In 1923, the Weimar Republic was on the verge of collapse, but, surprisingly, the crisis was the start of a period of stability and success. The period 1923- 1929 was a time when the economy boomed and cultural life flourished in Germany. This was because Gustav Stresesmann organised the Great Coalition

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