1933 : Took Germany out of league. Hitler began rearming.
1934 : Tried to take over Austria but Mussolini intervened.
1935 : Held rearnment rally in Germany.
1936 : Reintroduced conscription. Remilitarized the Rhineland. Made 'Anti- Comitern' pact with Japan and Italy.
1937 : Spanish Civil War involvement.
1938 : Took over Austria. Took over Sudetenland.
1939 : Invaded rest of Czechoslovakia. Invaded Poland. WAR.
- Hitler began rearming when he came into power in 1933.
- Thousands of unemployed people were drafted into the army.
- He began rearming in secret first then withdrew from the League and publicly rearmed.
- In 1935, he openly staged a military rally - celebrating the armed forces.
- in 1936 - he reintroduced conscription. He knew the British thought the terms of the T of V were too harsh so he made an agreement to increase the size of the German army only to 35% of the British Army.
- Demilitarisation of the Rhineland was a term of the treaty.
- In 1936, as he rearmed it, he broke the terms.
- France and USSR signed a treaty to protect each other. Germany said it felt it was under threat so it should be allowed to have its own troops on the frontier.
- Hitler knew Britain wouldn't intervene but he didnt know about France, they didn't.
- The Abysinnian Crisis was happening at the same time, so the League couldn't do much. France refused to act without British support.
Why did Britain and France follow appeasement?
WW1 : Both the leaders remembered the carnage and didn't want another war.
Treaty of Versailles : Many thought the treaty was unfair to Germany and thought if the terms were rectified, Germany would be more peaceful.
USSR : Thought Stalin was a bigger threat to them than Hitler. Britain and France were both Anti-Communist countries and therefore against Stalin.
Spanish Civil War
- In 1936, a civil war broke out in Spain between Communists who supported the Republican Government and right wing rebels.
- Hitler thought this was an opportunity to fight communism and try his new…