Cattle had been first introduced to America by European invaders
By 1850s Southern Texas was the major centre of cattle ranching
Texas Longhorn was the traditional breed of cattle that were very hardy
In the 1850s beef became a popular food
Cattle were driven by cowboys to the markets where they were sold
As they did so they came into conflict with Homesteaders
Beef’s popularity – in the 1850’s beef became a popular and demand for it increased in the eastern USA.
The effect of the American Civil War – Texan cattle ranchers returned from fighting in the Civil War to find
that their herds had grown dramatically.
New markets – The US Army in the West, the Indians on reservations, miners and railroad builders
provided a good market for cattle.
Railroads – their development meant that beef could quickly…