- Born c460 BC on the Greek Island of Kos
- Traveled around, taught medicine in Kos and died in Larissa c377 BC
- Known as the 'Father of Modern Medicine'
- Philosopher - tried to find rational explanations for things [disease]
- Led the way for more practical, environmental causes of disease rather than supernatural or spiritual (Asclepios)
- Theory of the four humours - Hippocrates believed that a 'healthy' body was IN BALANCE and so illness was caused by an IMBALANCE of the 'humours' which were: yellow bile, black bile, blood and phlegm.
What was it like BEFORE Hippocrates?
- Less recording of symptoms/treatments
- Vessel theory (Egyptians)
- No set standard for Doctors
- Medicine based solely on supernatural/superstition/spiritualism
- Belief that EVIL SPIRITS cause disease ^
Factors that helped Hippocrates
- Privileged/settled life - time to study.
- Good education
- Communication - based his work on other Greek doctors and their ideas e.g. Aristotle
Factors that hindered Hippocrates
- Lack of technology, e.g. printing…