- Henry had a 'carrot and stick' policy - incentives and sanctions at his disposal
Giving off positions of power, titles, land etc. Patronage came as a result of good and loyal behaviour.
Earl of Oxford became the landowner of East Anglia, Edward Dudley became a lawyer/Henry's right hand man
*ORDER OF THE GARTER
A significant honour reserved for the closet servants of the king.
Effective as it gave the recipient prestige but not power or land
37 knights of the garter were created. E.g, Earl of Oxford, Giles Daubeney, Robert Willoughby and Reginald Bray
A sign of the kings confidence. Emphasis on loyalty to trusted servants.
5 councillors alligned with Henry before Bosworth
People retained their positions for long periods, e.g chancellor John Morton 1486-1500
Meetings called by king as parliament would have taken too long. They were a form of control, a way of gaining agreement and support
--> 1485 - Announcement of Henry's marriage
--> 1487 - Lambert Simnel threat
--> 1488 - Campaign in Brittany
--> 1491 - Authorise war against France
--> 1496 - Grant loan of 120,000 pounds for war in Scotland
FORM OF SANCTION
ACTS OF ATTAINDER
Acts leading families to lose all land. Attainders were reversible and used it as a sanction for good behaviour - Act passed first as punishment, good behaviour led to reversal.
Europe during the reign of Henry VII
France was ruled by King Charles…