Why did Macmillan apply to the EEC?
- He was pro-European and wanted a more constructive role with Europe.
- Believed Britain's days as a great power were over after the Suez Crisis.
- Thought joining the EEC was inevitable - Britain was missing out.
- EFTA had failed as an alternative.
- British economic growth was slowing, and the Commonwealth was weak. Britain traded more with Europe - exports to the EEC rose by 29% in 1954-1960.
- After the Winds of Change Speech in 1960 the empire and Commonwealth were no longer seen as vital.
- Pressure from the US to join the EEC.
- Joining the EEC would retain British influence…