Making A Case – How Psychology Can Inform the Investigative Process
2.3 False Confessions
The ‘Voluntary’ Confession – no obvious external pressure
The ‘Coerced Compliant Confession’ – after forceful or persistent questioning the suspect confesses to escape the interview situation.
The ‘Coerced Internalised Confession’ – the suspect becomes temporarily persuaded that they are guilty.
§ Persuasion is possible because memory is fragile.
§ The young, mentally ill and those with low IQ are examples of groups who may be more susceptible to this pressure.
Gudjohnsson et al. (1990) A Case of False Confession