Grifiths – Individual Differences
What is addiction?
EUPHORIA - a "buzz" or "high"
Withdrawal - Negative side-effects going without - anxiety, nausea, depression
TOLERANCE: Bigger + Bigger for the same "high"- applies to all drugs - but does it apply to gambling?
DO gamblers think differently?
Cognitive bias describes the inherent thinking errors that humans make in processing information.
- There will be no difference in skill of RG's and NRG's
- RG's will have more irrational cognition than the NRG's (using heuristics)
- Players THINKING ALOUD will take longer than the rest
A quasi - whether participant was a RG's OR NRG's and field experiment - It was conducted in a natural environment- a local arcade.
Type of data collected:
Quantitative data - DV measured total play, total time, play rate, end stake, wins and win rate, if comment was irrational/rational.
Independent measures: two participant groups - regular gamblers and non-regular gamblers (both of which are naturally occurring)
- Whether participant was a RG or NRG
- Whether the participant thought aloud or not
- Total play, total time, play rate, end stake, wins and win rate
30 regular gamblers and 30 non regular gamblers.
- RG - 29 males + 1 women who played at least once a week
- NRG - 15 males + 15 women who played at least once a month or less
Recruited via a POSTER (self-selected and snowball)