Greek Plays - Aristophanes' 'theatre of the absurd'
Old Comedy - Has a message (often conveyed in the parabasis) reinforced throughout the play that calls the Greeks to arms - Clouds to combat scourge of sophistry and Lysistrata a call for peace and pan-Hellenic unity.
Suggestion that plays were performed to up to 30,000 Greeks - likely a fallacy as the Dionysian theatre could hold only half of that
Male audience primarily, and address was directed towards them primarily
Advocate for pan-hellenic unity and general Greek peace in Lysistrata
-reminds of Persian enemy
- Unity of Athens + Sparta at the end - put an end to the Peloponesian war
Idea of Fantasy in his plays
Lysistrata is a comedy for example, but there are some obvious inconsistencies:
- Men didn't rely on wives for sex, they used prostitutes and slaves too
- Women complain men are all at war - then they wouldn't be complaining in Athens
- Idea of Lampito + other foreign women travelling to enemy territory is absurd
Character Analysis of Lysistrata
- Aware of women's failings: complains when late, and says all women do is 'shag, calve, and dispose of' (have sex, give birth and get rid of the baby)
- Shows contempt for politicians - 'Peisander and all those other office seekers keep stirring up trouble to get more opportunities for stealing public funds'
- Idea that men make political blunders
Intelligent - uses women's resources - (sex) to get what she wants
Manipulation: example shown as she arouses Cinesias even before he has seen his wife
Good speaker - demonstrated in argument with magistrate
- she subverts the traditional (household) depiction of women: Argues they can untangle foreign affairs, woolworking metaphor
- they should take over state finances as they have always maintained household finances
- She is concerned…