Governing the UK: The Functions of the House of Commons

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The Functions of the House of Commons

Creating, Debating and Passing Legislation:

  • the executive has a legislative programme (eg the Coalition Agreement), which is debated, amended and thus voted on by MPs
  • individual MPs can also pass Private Members' Bills, although these rarely pass as they lack the support of the Government
  • however, due to party control and the whip system, legislation usually passes through parliament, than by parliament

Scrutinising the Executive:

  • parliament is supposed to act as a 'watchdog' to expose and prevent government mistakes; this is called parliamentary oversight
  • Prime Minister's Questions (PMQs) is one example of parliamentary oversight, where


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