GDP per Capita= The value of all thae goods and services produced within a country then divided by the population
Primary: extracting raw materials from the land or sea such as farming or mining
Secondary: manufacturing raw materials such as steel processing or clothes manufactering
Tertiary: providing a service such as nursing or a postman
Quaternary: high tech science, research and expertise such as bioscience or software designer
The Clark Fisher Model:
LICs such as Malawi are dominated by primary industry. This is because they often lack technology, investiment, infrastructure, education and skills required for secondary manufacturing. There tertiary sector will also be small as there is little demand for services as people cannot afford them.
In MIC's the number of people employed in primary industries starts to decline. This is due to the fact that machines start to replace poele (mechanisation) and poeple migrate to cities fro higher paid work in manufacturing. Much of this has relocated from HIC's. More people are employed in the tertiary sector because of increased wealth, demand for services increases.
Many HIC's have a continued decline in primary sector jobs as mechanisation of farming is very high so few people are needed. Also, many resources have been exhausted (eg. coal in the UK) so there are fewer opportunities in this sector. Manufacturing also declines due to the relocations of manufacters to lower cost locations over seas but also because many manufacturing jobs are highly automated so ther is less demand for workers. Employment in tertiary is high as a wealthy population demands services and our high level of education can provide the skillss. Finally more people are in the quaternary sector as education and infrastructure levels are high and there is a demand for the services and products that they research, design and produce.
Globalisation= increased connectedness or integration of countries' economies around the world
How are countries becoming increasingly connected?
- Through shared language, 335 million people in over 101 countries speak english.
- Through the movement of goods, In 2014 over 320 million goods ere imported into the UK
- Through the flow of people, In 2013 500,000 immagrants entered the UK and 300,000 emmigrants left
What factors have encouraged globalisation?
- Reduced border restrictions between countries means products and people can easily move between countrues
- The ability to…