Globalisation is the process by which people, their cultures, money, goods and information can be transferred between countries with few or no barriers. People can interact more easily with other people anywhere in the world due to an increase in technology (phones, internet, email, transport mechanisms such as planes and trains). Products imported from all over the world can be found in most supermarkets.
- Steam trains 1850-1930
- Passenger Planes 1960s
- Cyberspace (internet, email) 1990s
Economic Globalisation - Trading goods with people all over the world.
Cultural Globalisation - The adoption of western lifestyles by many countries.
History of Globalisation-
Globalistion started around 2000 years ago when the Romans spread across and controlled large areas of the world, bringing a new political system, new technology and a different culture. Then in the 17th century; goods started to be traded when large companies began to operate in several countries e.g the east india company traded with a lot of british colnies throughout east asia.
Why did globalisation accelerate in the 19th and 20th centuries?
19th = increasing trade between european empires
20th = inceasing trade with the USA and Europe. The world wars slowed global trade because they were severely damaged european economies, slowing globlisation.
Describe and explain why globalisation has been accelerating (15 marks) - mark scheme attached at the bottom.
Globalisation is the process by which people, their cultures, money, goods and information can be transferred between countires with few or no barriers. It has been around for arounod 2000 years when the Romans spread out around the world bringing new technology and their own culture. So it has been influencing the world for a long time. In the past 50 years, globalisation has accelerated at a fast pace, and is still continuing to do so due to a range of factors.
Trans National Cooperations are companies that operate in two or more countries and are the biggest reason for the rapid acceleration of globalisation. They can generate money for all of the countries that the company operates in, e.g. Sony manufactures their products in China and Japan, but sell many of them in the USA and many European countries, therefore money is being generated in all 4 countries. They are able to promote certain cultures in countries e.g. Mcdonalds operates in over 120 countries, bringing western lifestyle fast food to all of these countries. They increase political, economic and cultural interactions between countires, therefore accelerating globalisation.
Another way globalisation is accelerating is by new markets becoming avaliable. This means that many countries and cities are becoming more prosperous and so open up new market oppertunities for many companies. For example, China and India have an increasing wealth and large populations, making them a desirable location for companies to sell to. New markets also mean that there is an increase in global trading and countries involvement in selling at stock exchanges which attracts more investment. Therefore increasing economic globalisation between many countries.
Communication and technology is always improving, which…