Gladstone And Disraeli

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Reform Act

 

  •  1832 reform act is passed by a Whig government
  • The PM = Lord John Russell
  • 1866 second reform act is proposed
  • Passed by a liberal government
  • Liberals - Like GRADUAL change
  • 1866 reform is opposed and defeated by conservatives
  • 1867 reform act almost doubles the electorate
  • 1866 Conservatives defeat 2ND reform... following year they introduce 2ND reform act
  • PARLIAMENTARY UPHEAVAL!
  • Why were politics turned upside down between 1885-1888
  • The beginning - The Agenda
  • 1832---> reform act
  • - People in Borough's
  • - Who were householders
  • - Payed £10 a year as taxes
  • - Were given the vote
  • Borough and counties
  • Borough - Traditional area
  • Redistribution of seats ... increasing W/c get more power
  • 1860's
  • Growing pressure for reform
  • Means that there is a need for franchise
  • 1860's ---> 1/5 men could vote
  • Redistribute parliamentary seats
  • Population increases
  • 1831-1861
  • - 24-29 million
  • More people have moved to industrialized areas
  • Expansion of the SKILLED W/c (respectables)
  • MP's say that the skilled w/c are "ready to join society"
  • 1848- year of revolutions
  • All countries have a revolution
  • Britain, does not!
  • Proves to MP's that the people are mature
  • E.g. Lancashire cotton workers
  • 1861-1865 American civil war starts
  • Northern America's war ship blockade some parts of America
  • South America's cotton trade, therefore, can not leave the port
  • No raw cotton coming from America to Britain (Lancashire)
  • This leads to massive unemployment and

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