Gladstone and Egypt in 1878:
- Anglo-French Dual Commission- protect foreign investors and restore stabiity.
- Nationalist rise- 1881- Arabi Pasha led a Nationalist rebellion which seized power and banned foreign investors.
- Gladstone sanctioned the snding of warships to Alexandria but France backed out.
- The uprising was defeated and the Khedive returned to throne and Egypt was Britain's first Middle Eastern power.
- Arabia Pashi was captured and killed.
- London Conference failed.
- Gave up Congo Basin to Germany.
Gladstone and Sudan in 1883-5- (Sudan was controlled by Egypt- so he had to get involved)
- Mahdi declared a Jihad- Holy war
- Wanted independence.
- Gladstone sympathised with the Mahdi's right to self- government.
- He sent General Gordon to get families out…