GEORGRAPHY - Rainforests

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TROPICAL RAINFOREST:

LOCATION:

  • 5°North and South of the equator
  • Amazon rainforest in Brazil is the main one
  • western part of Africa(southern Nigeria, Congo)
    south east Asia(indonesia)
    north east Australia(state of Queensland)

CLIMATE:

  • HIGH TEMPERATURE ALL YEAR ROUND (27 °C AVERAGE)
  • SMALL TEMPERATURE RANGE (2°C)
  • HIGH RAINFALL (2000mm) IN A YEAR
  • HIGH HUMIDITY RESULTING IN CONVECTIONAL RAINFALL.
     

VEGETATION:

  •  DIVIDED INTO FIVE LAYERS:

    • EMERGENT LAYER (TREES UP TO 50m TALL)
    • CANOPY
    • UNDER CANOPY
    • SHRUBS LAYER
    • FOREST FLOOR (WITH FERNS) 

Tropical Rainforests

· Grow in places that have an equatorial climate.

· Tropical rainforests are the most luxuriant vegetation systems.

· Over 1/3 of the world’s trees grow in tropical rainforests.

· Rainforest has an

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