Geography - Unit 2 - Topic 2 - Consuming Resources

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  • Created by: Lalala
  • Created on: 09-06-11 12:16

Resources can be divided into three types:

  • Natural resources - things found in natural world that are of use to us and that we have the technology and willingness to use.
  • Human resources - skills of a population in a society.
  • Material/capital resources - good and equipment already in place in a society.


  • Non-renewable resources - coal, oil, diamonds - they exist in a fixed amount which is gradually or sometimes rapidly being used up.
  • Sustainable resources - wood - can be deliberately renewed.  They can be managed so that they are usable now but will also last into the future.  Some sustainable resources - solar/wind power - renew themselves and do not need to be managed - RENEWABLE!


 Enormous reserves of tar-sands, especially in Canada.  They have attracted more attention since oil prices have risen rapidly.

+ Are about 300 billion barrels of oil in the tar-sands.

+ Tar-oil extraction would make profits for major oil companies.

+ Tax benefits for countries with tar-sands.

+ Dependence on dangerous Middle Easter region would be reduced.

+ Continued production of oil would avoid costs of switching to other fuels, e.g H2.

- Produce up to 3X more CO2 than 'light' oils.

- Tar-oil extraction uses vast quantities of water - 6 barrels for each barrel of oil.

- Ancient spruce forests removed to scrape away oil-rich sands - pollution of             groundwater and river will be inevitable.

- Delays - need to search for alternative technologies.


Several types of biofuels - best known are ethanol and bio-diesel.

+ CO2 absorbed when grown - BUT CO2 is released when…



Useful, thanks! :D


So freaking awesome! Keep doing this it's very useful! :D Thanks


exactly right for my course thanks :)

Mr A Gibson

A good set of notes that you could use with the "Test yourself" feature to check your understanding once you have learnt it of course! Spans the whole topic.

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