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Urban Patterns produced by migration

Cities grow as people migrate into them. then, they can migrate within the city. Each family's move has to be taken within individual sets of individual and family's circumstances:

  • income levels and affordability.
  • level of savings and the effect on this on decisions to rent or buy
  • jobs
  • schools
  • access to facilities such as transport, open space and shopping
  • class, eduction, culture and the need to be near people of similar backgrounds and interests.
  • the balance between short-term needs and long-term needs.

Also taken into concept of societal factors:

  • planning regulations
  • economic opportunities for landowners and builders
  • wealth of the area
  • physical factors, including flood risk, slope, stability of ground
  • historical factors from previous development
  • competition for more desirable locations
  • transport links

people with similar circumstances end up in similar areas from making similar decisions.

Case Study: Newcastle upon tyne.

  • Byker Ward - an inner city area just east of centre
  • Jesmond Ward - suburb built in early 20th century
  • Castle ward - suburb built in late 20th century and expanding outwards
  • Longhorsley - village in Northumberland 30km outside of newcastle

Byker Ward: (Inner City


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